Truckers use intuition, methodical practice to confront or avoid close spaces
There are 4 million miles of highways and streets in the United States, and you’re trying to maneuver your tractor-trailer down a cobblestone lane built in the 1920s to get to a receiving dock.
There are 46,751 miles of interstate highways, and your rig is cut off by a four-wheeler wanting to exit at the last minute.
An estimated 185,000 parking spots are available at truckstops along the interstates, but you are forced to squeeze between two rigs at night after driving miles to find a space.
Space is limited in many locations, making it difficult to get around. Many streets and shipping facilities weren’t designed with 53-foot trailers in mind. Planning ahead, getting good directions and using technology will help you avoid tight spots.
In city driving, you’re often dealing with narrow streets and heavy traffic. When a turn is approaching, owner-operator DuWayne Marshall says he’s looking far ahead at traffic and potential obstacles. “Sometimes you have to make three left turns to make a right turn you want to make,” he says.
Narrow streets, antiquated docks
Downtowns of older cities, especially in the Midwest and Northeast, present challenges for truckers. Streets in commercial sections of cities were built for 30-foot trailers, about half the length of today’s trailers.
Some older retail chain warehouses contain indoor unloading facilities, says Marshall. Rigs are driven inside the building and trailers are backed in at a 45-degree angle. “Now you have to drop your trailer and bobtail your tractor out because the next guy can’t get around you,” he says.
Marshall says he delivers to an old store in Maine that doesn’t have much space in the rear. To fit the space, the trailer is backed in with the tractor at a 90-degree angle. He says he dropped his load on the first or second try by “cheating.” The first time came after a snow, and he followed the tire tracks of the empty trailer he pulled out to make way for his trailer. When there was no snow, he would mark the tire tracks with his boot heel to help guide him. “Other places, I use anything I have to mark the tread line, like a load block,” Marshall says.
Owner-operator Leo Wilkins says he has to choose truckstops carefully because some parking spaces aren’t long enough to accommodate a normal length tractor-trailer, let alone his rig, which measures 79 feet 10 inches. To maneuver in these spaces, he says he does a lot of “getting out and looking” to make sure he’s aligned correctly.
“I don’t worry about myself, but I worry about someone backing into me,” Wilkins says. “I saw a guy one night back into a truck and raise the hood up. The second time he did it he realized what he had done and beat it out of there. I ran through the parking lot and managed to get his license plate number and called it in.”