The 24.1 percent increase is the largest year-over-year rise on record but freight value remained 14.3 percent less than in February 2008.
78 members of Congress complained to U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood and U.S. Trade Representative Ronald Kirk about "unsafe" Mexican trucks.
The 23.3 percent decline was the largest year-to-year decline for the 15 years covered by these data.
Congressional leaders and trade groups are pushing federal leaders to resolve the cross-border trucking program with Mexico.
The increase was the first over the same month of the previous year since September 2008.
U.S. surface transportation trade declined both from a year earlier and from October.
Surface transportation trade among the United States and Canada and Mexico dropped 15.5 percent to $61.4 billion.
Trade using surface transportation between the United States and Canada and Mexico was down 20 percent in September.
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