Truck Spotlight

Todd Dills | July 01, 2010

Timely improvements

Peterbilt’s regional-haul 384 model delivers efficiency gains, weight savings, aero advantages.


Peterbilt’s Model 384 was named the American Truck Dealers’ Commercial Truck of the Year for 2010, an honor reflecting numerous 2009 model year enhancements to improve aerodynamics.

Owner-operators running long-haul irregular-route segments to shorter hauls on dedicated lanes will appreciate the 384’s shorter bumper-to-back-of-cab length of 116 inches, compared to the heavy-duty Model 386. “The shorter BBC provides greater flexibility and maneuverability,” says David Giroux, Peterbilt communications director.

“With the beginning of a move to shorter-distance hauls across many segments, not only among regional but normal truckload segments, the 384 is an ideal fit,” says Tony McQuary, Peterbilt senior director of strategic business planning.

Operators in weight-sensitive tank, bulk and other applications can benefit, too, from the 384’s relatively light GVW with increased payload capacity. “In the last year, with a number of our fleet customers who’ve started to run the 384 and have changed their traditional spec’ing packages,” weight savings have driven interest, McQuary says.

One such customer is Nealey Foods. It has a 25-truck fleet of tractor-trailers and straight trucks to operate a wholesale food distribution in the Chicago area. Late last year, equipment buyer Eric Nealey spec’d a 384 daycab, powered by a 425-hp Cummins ISM (the ISX 11.9 is the comparable 2010 option) and Fuller 10-speed automated, to replace an aging Kenworth T800.

“Most of our trucking is stop-and-go, so we don’t need the really big horses,” Nealey says. The 384 is “the right combination of a not-too-big engine to keep the weight down, and a good turning radius,” he says, nimble enough to navigate tight Chicago dock spaces and streets.

Depending on the specs, there’s a difference of 400 to 500 pounds between the bigger, aerodynamic long-haul 387 and 384 with the same sleeper configuration, Giroux says.

Though the daycab Peterbilt 384 is a popular option among city and other short-haul fleets, the model is available in raised- and low-roof Unibilt sleeper configurations with the platinum interior package pictured.

All the same, says McQuary, some longer-haul customers are maximizing weight savings even more by choosing a smaller sleeper size than they’d typically run before, a choice owner-operators might consider to boost fuel-efficiency. Yet the available interior packages are identical to those in traditional long-haul Peterbilt tractors.

“The new SmartSound package reduces interior noise by 50 percent” from previous versions, McQuary adds.

The 2009 aerodynamic enhancements have helped the 384 become the third Peterbilt model, with the 387 and 386, to gain certification by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s SmartWay program as an environmentally friendly tractor. The proprietary aerodynamic updates resulted in a 12 percent fuel-efficiency gain, worth more than $6,000 yearly to an operator running 130,000 miles at 6 mpg.

Updates included a near-seamless sleeper-to-roof transition; composite sun visor; newly designed roof fairings, trim tabs and sleeper extenders; and enhanced chassis fairings. The 384’s available, too, with a powertrain capable of delivering big horsepower with natural gas as fuel. In fact, the natural-gas version of the Cummins Westport ISL diesel with cooled EGR, says McQuary, has landed “on fleets’ radar screen” in a big way. strives to maintain an open forum for reader opinions. Click here to read our comment policy.