Should you do it yourself?
Independent operator Earl Evans takes truck maintenance and repairs seriously to keep his 2005 Kenworth W900L as close to condition: new as he can. He uses only new parts, does most of his own maintenance and greases with abandon.
“I like to grease every 2,500 miles,” he says. “Since 1974, I’ve never had to replace a part on a truck that has a grease fitting. It’s a simple, fundamental thing to grease, do fluid changes and keep an eye on your truck.”
Most owner-operators don’t handle as much of their own maintenance as Evans does. Yet staying on top of maintenance issues and deciding what tasks you can do for yourself will save you time and money and help prevent those unexpected breakdowns that can undermine your business financially.
Jim Hess, president of Midway Truck Service of Bethel, Pa., advises tackling maintenance with a checklist. He says a basic list could include air, fuel and oil filters, tires, brakes, belts, U joints, cooling system, lights and battery. An overlooked detail might include torquing the oil pan plug.
“An owner-operator could responsibly do a lot of that stuff himself and save money,” Hess says. “Most owner-operators should learn to do things such as replace lights and grease a chassis.”
Bill McClusky, maintenance management consultant at ATBS, says an owner-operator’s maintenance options are limited by today’s more complicated trucks, which contain numerous electronic control systems that, he adds, even some dealerships struggle to keep up with.
John E. Dolce, a fleet maintenance expert affiliated with Wendel Duchscherer, says two key factors in determining who does the maintenance are your tools and the space you have. The money you save from doing your own oil change or changing filters, for example, could cover the cost of a basic set of tools.
An owner-operator should focus on maintenance basics like checking tire pressure, inspecting brakes and performing pre-trip inspections, “ says McClusky. “A lot of [what an owner-operator can do] comes down to things that are required on DOT inspections.”
Many independents regularly change their oil, but even that requires planning and not a small amount of supplies, Dolce notes. Changing 40 quarts of oil requires a large container to catch the used oil. After that you need to find a shop or recycling center that will dispose of the oil.
Disposal is also a problem when changing coolant, McClusky says. When adding coolant, you’ve got to make sure you’re filling the reservoir with the same type of coolant. He recommends switching to extended life coolant.
Lubricating your chassis is easily done, although you’ll need a grease gun (about $15), a grease cartridge (about $5) and coveralls, Dolce says.