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Group wants stronger underride guards

Jill Dunn | March 03, 2011

Tests indicate underride guards on tractor-trailers can fail in relatively low-speed crashes.

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety has asked federal officials to require greater rear impact protection for commercial trailers.

On Feb. 28, the group of insurance companies and associations petitioned the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to upgrade Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards for underride guards, which are meant to prevent a car from sliding under a truck or trailer in a crash.

The institute wants the agency to require underride guards strong enough to remain in place during a crash and to mandate guards for more large trucks and trailers than currently stipulated.

The institute released crash tests that indicated underride guards on tractor-trailers can fail in relatively low-speed crashes. It analyzed the Large Truck Crash Causation Study, a federal database of about 1,000 crashes in 2001-2003. Underride, was a common outcome of the 115 crashes involving a four-wheeler striking the back of a truck or semi-trailer.

The NHTSA’s last rule on the matter was in 1998, when it set rear underride guard dimensions and the types of trailers requiring these guards. It also set minimum strength requirements in quasi-static tests at three places on the guard.

The NHTSA will accept comment until March 8 on a Federal Register notice on a technical report it published on the issue, “The Effectiveness of Underride Guards for Heavy Trailers.”

That report studied Florida and North Carolina data, which showed a drop in fatalities and serious injuries to passenger vehicle occupants when rear-ending a tractor-trailer after the 1998 standards were implemented. However, it concluded the decrease was not statistically significant. The Fatality Accident Reporting System does not list trailer model years, so conclusions could not be drawn from this data either, the researchers said.

Docket number, NHTSA-2010-0150, must accompany public comment, which may be submitted:
• Online at
• Via fax: (202) 493-2251.
• By mail to Docket Management Facility; M-30; U.S. Department of
Transportation; West Building, Ground Floor, Room W12-140; 1200 New
Jersey Ave. SE; Washington, DC 20590.

  • Krystal Kid

    That under-ride guard is set at 22″ from the ground to the bottom of the bumper by the Federal Government. But there are a lot of pickup trucks you can drive off the lot with bumpers higher than that. You are two times more likely to die from a post collision vehicle fire to a pickup truck (because the bullet vehicle underrode the bumper and hit the gas tank) than backing over someone with it (yet we have back up sensors) – so how about an under-ride guard for pickup trucks like these energy absorbing ones from… strives to maintain an open forum for reader opinions. Click here to read our comment policy.