The national average spot van rate hit a record high of $2.46/mile during the week ending Oct. 4, and the overall number of available loads increased 5% compared to the previous week, as supply chain disruptions continued to push freight to the spot market, according to DAT Freight & Analytics, operator of DAT load board network.
Available capacity — measured in truck posts on the board — slipped 1.5% week over week, which helped send van, refrigerated and flatbed load-to-truck ratios higher. Load-to-truck ratios represent the number of loads posted for every truck posted on DAT load boards and are a real-time indicator of demand for truckload services.
DAT’s monthly average spot rates, September
Year-over-year (compared to the same month in 2019), the number of spot load posts increased 116% during the month, and truck posts declined 6.2%. Predictably, national average rates last month were unseasonably strong:
Again, year-over-year, the van rate was up 28.9%, the flatbed rate 9.8%, and the reefer rate gained 19.1%.
Rates have continued their climb, at least in the first week of October. In addition to that record-high average van rate, flatbeds hit $2.44/mile, and reefers $2.58 during the week ending Oct. 4.
The average spot rate increased on 63 of DAT’s top 100 van lanes by volume compared to the previous week. Twenty-eight lanes were neutral and nine lanes saw rates decline. The number of available loads on the top 100 lanes increased 2.4% and that record national average spot van rate was 8 cents higher than the September average. The national average van load-to-truck ratio was 5.5, slightly above the 5.4 average for the month.
Los Angeles was the nation’s busiest market for outbound spot van freight and the average spot rate was $3.37 a mile, up 7 cents week over week. Containerized cargo volumes are moving through the ports of Los Angeles and Long Beach at record levels: total container volume at Los Angeles topped 960,000 TEU in August, an all-time high and more than double the volume moved in March. The port said there were no cancellations on its liner services in September.
Outbound van rates increased from other key markets last week:
**Allentown, Pennsylvania, a major warehouse fulfillment market for the Northeast, jumped 19 cents to $2.92 a mile.
**Columbus, Ohio, averaged $3.19 a mile, up 8 cents.
**Memphis increased 9 cents to an average of $2.94 a mile.
**Dallas and Houston recorded modest gains week over week, up a penny to $2.17 and up 3 cents to $2.20 a mile, respectively.
The average spot rate increased on 41 of DAT’s top 78 flatbed lanes by volume compared to the previous week; 26 lanes were neutral, and 11 lanes fell. The number of available loads on the top 78 lanes increased 2.2%.
Regionally, outbound load volumes from the Pacific Northwest are up 17% week-over-week with 18% of those loads destined for Southern California. Rates from Cleveland are now 10 cents higher over the past two weeks at $2.70 a mile. Cleveland to Roanoke, Virginia, was up 7.7% while Cleveland to Milwaukee increased 7%.
The reefer rate rally has extended two months longer than usual this year. At $2.57 a mile, the national average spot reefer rate for September is 20% higher compared to September 2019 and has been above the average contract reefer rate since August.
There are signs of a plateau. The average spot rate was lower on 28 of DAT’s top 72 reefer lanes by volume compared to the previous week; 23 lanes were up and 20 were unchanged. The national average outbound rate from Los Angeles, the highest-volume market for reefer freight for the week ending Oct. 4, slipped 3 cents to $3.66 per mile. Atlanta declined 5 cents to $2.95 a mile.